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NFTs (Not Bitcoin) Led the Market Rally

Jeff Dorman, CFA
Aug 2, 2021

What happened this week in the Digital Assets market

Week-over-Week Price Changes (as of Sunday, 8/01/21)
Screen Shot 2021-08-02 at 5.42.54 AM
 
Put Your Rally Caps Back On
At the end of June, we revealed 10 reasons why digital assets would likely bounce back from a 6-week depression, and thus far this has proven accurate.  If we had room for an 11th reason, it would be that cash continues to pour into risk assets.  For equities, YTD inflows stand at $580 billion, which if we continue at this pace, would be more inflows in one year than in the past 20 years combined.  Digital assets continue to be the other asset class that is attracting capital at record paces, only it’s much more difficult to track and quantify this data due to the fragmentation of private fund vehicles and retail investors that invest in more than just Bitcoin.
 
The last week in July saw an acceleration of gains, putting a cherry on top of a strong month for digital assets.  In some ways, the 10-day rally to end the month looked similar to that of April 2019, when Bitcoin and other digital assets jumped ~25% in a single day (April 1st).  Last week’s move wasn’t as quick nor as violent, but it was set up by similar factors.  Market positioning was wrong and offsides (a lot of shorts bracing for another move lower), and there were simply too many bullish signals appearing in short succession to keep prices down.  Amongst these signals:

  • The massive GBTC unlocks ended, and while we periodically pointed out that these unlocks would have no negative impacts on Bitcoin, the fact that this proved true gave the market some renewed confidence.
  • Private financing of digital asset companies continues at a torrid pace, but the eye-opening raises from leading NFT exchange Openseas and leading digital asset exchange FTX broke into the mainstream news cycle, giving public market investors more reason to close the gap between public and private prices. 
  • A string of announcements from Wall Street (Bank of America, Goldman Sachs, GoldenTree) and main street (Robinhood, Shopify, Amazon potentially) showing increased digital assets adoption
The graph below shows just how offsides the market was.  Bitcoin futures liquidations (used as a proxy for overall market positioning) on July 26th were almost entirely from shorts being bought in (blue bar), which was one of the largest liquidations of the year, and the only large liquidation that heavily skewed towards shorts (typically liquidations are from price declines and longs being liquidated -- the red bars). 
 
unnamed - 2021-08-02T054506.683
Source: Skew
 
Naturally, market pundits (primarily those with a lot riding on Bitcoin’s success), were quick to point out how Bitcoin led the market rally.   For example, NYDIG (which only offers Bitcoin products), wrote the following in their weekly note to clients:
 
“Bitcoin dominance, a measure of its share of total crypto industry market cap, is back on the rise after hitting a low of 40% ahead of the May price correction...in times of broad crypto market corrections, investors tend to seek the relative safety of bitcoin over other less proven digital assets.”
NYDIG wasn’t alone with this narrative.  Our inbox was littered with articles last week spouting similar fact-less stories.  Unfortunately, these continuous claims about Bitcoin’s dominance and Bitcoin’s safety aren’t backed up by any actual data.  If they had been, the data clearly shows that Bitcoin is neither defensive nor outperforming other digital assets (something we touched on a few weeks ago).  Bitcoin not only remains one of the worst performing digital assets YTD, but if you look at Bitcoin versus the top tokens from every other sub-sector of digital assets (DeFi, CeFi, NFTs, Gaming, Layer 1s/2s, Web 3.0) over various time periods, you can clearly see that there is a shift happening.  Bitcoin no longer outperforms the market on the way down (not defensive), and it also lags the market on the way up (not a market leader).  In other words, Bitcoin is displaying both poor upcapture and poor downcapture. 
 
Below are the returns for Bitcoin versus Ethereum and other Top Tokens over various time periods. You can clearly see that Bitcoin’s declines have been in line with  (and sometimes worse than) most other top digital assets, while it’s gains have been underwhelming.  We ran this data over 4 time periods:
 
  1. Declines since Bitcoin’s 2021 peak (4/13/21)
  2. Returns Year-to-date (1/1/2021)
  3. Gains since Defi bottomed last year (11/4/2020)
  4. Gains since Bitcoin’s recent bottom (7/20/21)
Screen Shot 2021-08-02 at 6.07.02 AMScreen Shot 2021-08-02 at 6.07.02 AM
 
This isn’t meant to suggest that Bitcoin is a bad asset to own.  Bitcoin could become a $10 trillion asset one day, which would be a massive gain for Bitcoin investors (~$500k/coin), while Bitcoin simultaneously becomes a much smaller player in the overall digital asset industry due to the inevitable growth of other sectors, and the introduction of new digital assets.  It is easy to love Bitcoin for certain macro reasons, while also recognizing that it’s fate and price no longer have any bearing on the fate/price of ETH, NFTs, DeFi, Gaming, and other digital assets.  This market has grown up and evolved.  Being “pro-Bitcoin” doesn’t mean you have to be “pro-Bitcoin at the expense of everything else”.  The “Bitcoin versus” narratives need to end immediately, starting with the irrelevant Bitcoin Dominance index.  Bitcoin is not a defensive asset within digital assets, and owning Bitcoin isn’t mutually exclusive with other digital assets. Bitcoin is a great asset, and so are many others, and their independent success/failures will be for entirely different reasons. 
 
So instead of forcing a stale and inaccurate narrative, let’s turn to one set of great assets that actually did lead the market higher last week... 
 
NFTs got Punk’d
The NFT ecosystem remains red hot.  Yesterday, OpenSea daily volume eclipsed $53 million, which is 8x the volume for the entire month of January, and 30-50% the monthly volumes for every month from January until July. Meanwhile, NFT volumes as a whole are beginning to eclipse their March peak, with projects across the board receiving a significant increase in demand.
 
unnamed - 2021-08-02T054523.649
Source: Dune Analytics

There were a series of events last week that attributed to the large spike in the sector: Shopify made it possible for sellers to sell NFTs directly through their platform (with the Chicago Bulls being the first user), Fractional went live with their protocol which allows for fractionalized ownership of NFTs (thereby offering fungible liquidity for an otherwise non-fungible asset), and then there was the spark that lit the powder keg.

On Friday, a one-block purchase of 104 CryptoPunks hit the tape ($6.6 million) - the dynamics of the purchase are rather interesting, and are explained in this thread, as well as the post mortem here. From there, the aftershocks were felt in other “high quality” NFT projects, such as Fidenza and AutoGlyphs. The follow through has been impressive, and there is an interesting takeaway here: to date, a vast majority of NFT collectors/investors are involved in NFTs due to an honest interest in the sector and the assets within it. Purchases of this size introduce new capital into the sector; while some of the sales will undoubtedly lead to outflows, it is likely that the money is reinjected into other projects. The main deterrent to the NFT sector, to date, has been around the difficulty to source liquidity, and therefore ‘true value’. With the type of action (both in development and volume) being seen the past few weeks (and really the past few months), there is reason to believe that these markets will find liquidity faster than anticipated.
 
As silly as NFTs sound to some, it’s worth noting that the rise in scarce, bearer, digital assets isn’t too different from what we’ve seen in traditional markets for the past two decades.  The majority of growth in the equity market has come from companies that sell services, and own intangible assets versus those that own tangible assets.  As Joe Weisenthal of Bloomberg pointed out recently, “Between Bitcoin, NFTs, trading cards, sneakers as an asset class and so on… there's just a general bull market in bearer assets of all sorts.”  
 
Markets are shifting away from owning physical property, and moving towards digital property and digital services. 
 

unnamed - 2021-08-02T054518.826

What’s Driving Token Prices?
  • Perpetual Protocol (PERP) rose +42% leading the decentralized derivatives sector, which included strong gains for FST and MCB as well. The performance was potentially related to announcements of restrictions from centralized exchanges including FTX and Binance, leading to expectations of increased flows to derivative DEXs.
  • Helium (HNT) rose +18% - as the underlying network use showed a spike following the recent blockchain upgrade. While still de minimis in dollar terms, the network usage could have exponential growth similar to the exponential network coverage growth over the last year with the US and Europe at scale now. The protocol's developer console version 2.0 to add devices and use the network went live on Thursday and the blockchain's first halving of mining rewards takes place this Sunday.
  • Thorchain (RUNE) bounced back strongly, rising +58% after the team released a post-mortem and recovery plan following the 2 exploits last month. The treasury will cover all LP losses (nodes were not impacted). They outlined 5 problems that led to the exploit and 5 fixes.  
  • Solana (SOL) rose +24% after Lollapalooza launched an NFT marketplace built on Solana. TVL increased sharply (+25%) as more money flowed into staking Serum (SRM) and farming on Saber with TVLs of those protocols increasing 54% and 55%, respectively.  
What We’re Reading This Week
 
 
 
 
 
And That’s Our Two Satoshis! 
Thanks for reading everyone!   
Questions or comments, just let us know.  
 
The Arca Portfolio Management Team
Jeff Dorman, CFA - Chief Investment Officer
Katie Talati - Head of Research
Hassan Bassiri, CFA - PM / Analyst
Sasha Fleyshman -  Trader  
Wes Hansen -  Head of Trading & Operations
Alex Woodard- Analyst
Mike Geraci- Trader
Andew Stein, VP of Research
  
To learn more or talk to us about investing in digital assets and cryptocurrency
call us now at (424) 289-8068.
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