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How to Gain Crypto Asset Exposure

Jeff Dorman, CFA
Dec 9, 2019

What happened this week in the Crypto markets?

Thematic Investing is Back
Those who are not actively trading digital assets are immune to the week-to-week volatility.  That was evident last week, as Bitcoin finished unchanged but oscillated in a 10% top-to-bottom range throughout the week.  
Meanwhile, across other digital assets that are not “currencies”, we’ve seen a resurgence of thematic investing. The latest theme is staking.  In a nutshell, staking tokens is a mechanism to reach network consensus while simultaneously earning a yield (here’s a quick primer on Proof-of-Stake vs Proof-of-Work).  While staking is not new, several exchanges (most notably Binance and Coinbase) have recently made it much easier for digital asset owners to stake their tokens and earn rewards.  As a result, those PoS assets that can be staked on exchanges,  like Tezos (XTZ) and Algorand (ALGO), rose as much as 30% last week, while others that will likely be next, like Cosmos (ATOM), Decred (DCR) and Flexacoin (FXC) rose 5-10%.  Thematic investing in digital assets is another step in the right direction towards a maturation of crypto investing. While some themes were a flash in the pan (like IEOs), others have more long-lasting effects (like companies that operate Exchanges who issued tokens that provide quasi-equity and platform utility).  We’ll expand on this idea further in a 2019 recap / 2020 prediction piece later this month.

What about Bitcoin Crypto? Look at What People Are Doing; Not Saying

Bitcoin is stagnating, and that’s fine for those already immersed and invested across digital assets.  There are a lot of other investable opportunities besides Bitcoin.
But Bitcoin is still the biggest and most important digital asset, as it will serve as the educational and physical onramp for just about everyone new to this space.  So when price is stagnating or declining, naysayers may rejoice. However, it would be wise to look at what others are doing, not what they are saying.
For starters, Charles Schwab released a report detailing how investors by age demographic are investing, and Bitcoin is now the 5th largest holding of millennials
 How To Gain Crypto Asset Exposure - How Bitcoin Crypto is 5th with Millennials
Altogether, adoption is growing even as price stagnates.   And unlike other asset classes where transparency is difficult at best, the growth of Bitcoin is right in front of us.
Growth Of Bitcoin Crypto Assets
This could be helpful for stock investors, companies, the IRS, etc. Despite these important caveats, an analysis of an estimated cost basis for each native unit of a crypto asset allows for rich analysis of investor behavior in a way that is not possible for other financial assets. For example, data regarding the cost basis for each individual share of a company’s stock is not available. Cost basis data can be valuable because it provides insight into the degree of euphoria or pain that investors are experiencing (due to having either unrealized gains or unrealized losses), two fundamental emotions that affect investment decision-making during asset bubble formations and crashes.
Simply put, growth is being measured in many ways besides price.

As We Enter 2020, A LOT Is Going On

There is quite simply a tremendous amount happening in digital assets.  To start, product launches are coming fast and furiously. A few months ago, only one product was available for investors to buy Bitcoin (the Grayscale Bitcoin Investment Trust or GBTC, mentioned above).  But in the past month, this list has expanded considerably: 
  • Canadian crypto asset management company 3iQ received approval from the Ontario Securities Commission to offer an exchange-traded closed-end Bitcoin fund on the TSX. Although not available yet and when it is, it’s only available to Canadians, the fund also represents a significant development for the US as the retail investor profile of Canadians is very similar to Americans. If the fund turns out to be a hit, it may move US regulators to allow the many ETF applications currently on hold. 
  • Galaxy sponsored a couple of AI-only funds that will invest in Bitcoin, offering AIs, including institutions, the ability to gain exposure to Bitcoin without having to worry about custody and insurance. The funds will offer better liquidity than GBTC without the associated premiums accompanying secondary OTC transactions. 
  • Traditional ETF manager WisdomTree sponsored a Bitcoin ETP that trades on the Swiss SIX exchange with an overall expense ratio of 0.95%. Besides European investor access, the product could also be accessed by US institutions at a very attractive fee structure that seeks to undercut the competition. 
  • New York Digital Investment Group (NYDIG) recently received approval by the SEC to offer a closed-end mutual fund that trades cash-settled Bitcoin futures. On a quarterly basis, investors have an opportunity to redeem shares. The NYDIG fund doesn’t actually hold any Bitcoin so the strategy generally only succeeds if the investment team is able to correctly identify and ride momentum in either direction. 
Additionally, there are plenty of other ways to gain exposure to digital assets now outside of purchasing Bitcoin or these Bitcoin-related products.  Hut8, a Canadian-based publicly traded mining firm, released its financials giving us insights into the logistics of mining.  Canaan Creative went public just a few weeks ago, which means more transparency from miners is on the way. And Silvergate Bank, one of the most crypto-friendly banks in the U.S, IPO’d this year and the stock has risen 20%.
Away from investing, usage and adoption is growing too.  Japanese company SoftBank released a debit card that features a built in digital assets wallet. HSBC announced that they're moving private placement records on to the blockchain (~$20B assets), and Juventus (fútbol/soccer) created a token for incentivizing and growing fan interactions (see “What We’re Reading” Section below). 
And lastly, the global macro backdrop continues to favor non-fiat related assets. Governments around the world are talking about digital assets, and in certain places, are providing more regulatory clarity.  The China narrative for exchanges is crystallizing a bit, with an understanding that Huobi/OkEx have the green light to operate while other exchanges may be at risk of no longer being allowed to operate. The US Federal Reserve noted that they are considering letting inflation run above targets, which is seen as a pretty significant policy shift and should create demand for Bitcoin and gold. Deutsche Bank released a report that had a nifty section regarding a hypothetical end of fiat money and potential rise of digital assets. 
Between Brexit, US Elections and worsening conditions across the globe (sans stock market), even those not attached to finance are speaking out more frequently.  Anecdotally, we overhear people talking about “risks” at the grocery store, gas stations, and in our neighborhoods. While digital assets may not be a well-known or widely accepted solution yet, what is known is that people are worried and change is inevitable. The events of the next few years will likely be taught in academic curriculum for years to come. 
In short, it’s very hard to ignore what is happening in digital assets.  It's worth reading the entire thread from Raoul Pal. 
Opportunity Coming From Crypto Assets and Blockchain
Notable Movers and Shakers
Last week appeared relatively steady, with Bitcoin finishing up 1% and Bitcoin dominance remaining flat. In actuality, there was significant movement in the asset class last week, with double digit peak to trough intraday moves.

  • Ravencoin (RVN) was the beneficiary of this announcement from Binance, which opened RVN up for margin trading on the leading digital assets exchange. The open source project has garnered interest, as the project’s tenets differ from the majority of projects announced in 2018 - Ravencoin had what we call a “fair launch” - no premine, no raise, and no executive team/foundation. The asset has been on a steady decline in both price and volume from the summer highs, but saw a significant resurgence in both this week, finishing up 45%.
  • Tezos (XTZ) has been the talk of the town as of late (as mentioned above). On Tuesday Binance announced that they are supporting zero fee staking of Tezos, following last month’s Coinbase announcement (albeit not zero-fee). XTZ has been on a tear since Coinbase’s post (+85%), and last week was no different (+27%). Themes tend to show themselves slowly, and then all at once: notably exchange tokens and gaming tokens over the last year. Staking tokens seem to be one of the upcoming themes, and the metaphorical arms race is on for exchanges to offer such services to their clients.  
What We’re Reading this Week
The European Commission and the Council of the European Union last week released a joint statement addressing the use of stabecoins within the EU. Although stablecoins can provide an inexpensive and fast payments solution, they require far more research and understanding as they relate to monetary policy. The statement by the two groups has no legal bearing, but it paves the path forward for the EU’s understanding of stablecoins and how they can fit into the current economy.  Bottom-line: these technologies are global technologies and therefore need a global response.
Payments company Square has been one of the leading non-crypto businesses to push for Bitcoin adoption. It’s app allows users to buy and sell Bitcoin and its CEO and Founder, Jack Dorsey, has been a vocal proponent of digital assets. But Dorsey is turning his attention to other markets outside the developed world for Bitcoin’s next evolution. Africa, a continent of 1.2 billion people, stands to benefit far more from digital asset adoption. As a place where traditional financial infrastructure is not as deeply entrenched, digital assets stand to make a much greater impact in a shorter period of time. Dorsey plans to spend the first half of 2020 touring the continent and understanding the current ecosystem and how Bitcoin and Square can make inroads there.
Last week, HSBC announced it plans to switch its paper records for blockchain-based records for all private placement memorandums. The switch, planned for March 2020, will include $20b worth of assets currently represented by paper documents which also lack standardization. The bank will be utilizing a system called Digital Vault and expects the new system will reduce costs and the time it takes for customers to track down records. Although HSBC states that the system is intended for record-keeping, we view this as a first step to facilitating trading of illiquid assets.
According to reports last week, the British Virgin Islands (BVI) is planning to release its own national currency, similar to the Marshall Islands. BVI today is a crypto-friendly jurisdiction and as a result is home to businesses Tether and Bitfinex. It currently uses the US Dollar but plans to issue a digital token that is pegged to the USD 1:1. The island’s government is partnered with to facilitate the rollout of the currency. BVI, like the Marshall Islands, has a small population (35,000 residents) and therefore makes it an optimal testing ground for a national digital currency.
Cristiano Ronaldo’s soccer club, Juventus, just issued a token ($JUV) to allow its 400m fans voting power within the club. The $JUV token can be purchased through, a sports-focused blockchain app, and can be used to  vote on certain club decisions. Currently up for a vote is which song should be played when Juventus scores a goal in their home stadium. Socios plans to tokenize more soccer clubs worldwide and has deals with Paris Saint-Germain (PSG), Atlético de Madrid, West Ham United, Galatasaray, A.S. Roma, and esports provider OG.

And That’s Our Two Satoshis! 
Thanks for reading everyone!   
Questions or comments, just let us know.  
The Arca Portfolio Management Team
Jeff Dorman, CFA - Chief Investment Officer
Katie Talati - Head of Research
Hassan Bassiri, CFA - PM / Analyst
Sasha Fleyshman -  Trader  
Wes Hansen -  Head of Trading & Operations
To learn more or talk to us about investing in digital assets and cryptocurrency
call us now at (424) 289-8068.

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